Ghostwriting has received a lot of attention recently. To make sure we are talking about the same issues, let’s start with definitions: Ghostwriting itself is defined by the American Medical Writers Association as presenting the author’s work without being acknowledged. Ghostwriting also refers to authors and is known as ghostauthoring and guestauthoring. These terms are defined as:
- Ghostauthoring is making substantial contributions without being identified as an author.
- Guestauthoring is being named as an author without making substantial contributions to the paper.